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Completely destroyed by the eruption of Etna in 1928, the city has no historical-artistic buildings because it was completely reconstructed after the tragic event.
This municipality is located in Sicily, in the province of Catania and has about 11,000 inhabitants.
Ancient medieval city, perhaps the historic Callipoli, Mascali was completely destroyed by the eruption of the Etna in 1928 and only later rebuilt more downstream.
The patron saint of the city is Saint Leonardo, celebrated annually on 6 November.
The pebble beach and dark stones represent the main wealth of Fondachello and in the summer it helps to make the small resort a large tourist village with numerous bathing establishments, with very high visitor visitor numbers, mostly local.
The current monument to the fallen was realized by the Catanian sculptor Pietro Pappalardo to commemorate the dead Mascals in the First World War and inaugurated in 1940 following a long legal dispute resolved by the Civil Court of Catania. In 1985, the names of the people who fell in World War II and colonial wars were carved on the tombstones.
Natural Areas [edit | edit wikitesto]
In the commune territory, not far from the most famous Chestnut of the Hundred Horses, there is the Chestnut la Nave or Chestnut Sant'Agata (Sicilian Castagnu a Navi or Arrusbigghiasonnu - awaken sleep - perhaps for the chirping of birds or perhaps for low fronds that suddenly drifted from the sleep of some passing carts), having over a thousand years of life. Its name probably has the shape of a ship's hull. This chestnut, together with the one of the Hundred Horses, and the other five disappeared, constituted the "seven brothers", the most impressive specimens of the thick woods that surround the area. The circumference measures about 23 m and is 19 m high: for some studies it would be the second tree for antiquity and grandeur in Italy.
Interesting was the visit to Ripa della Naca, where the eruptive mouths opened from which the lava broke out.
In the coastal area near the border with the municipality of Fiumefreddo lies the Gurna, a small wetland residing in a larger area that until the last century before the reclamation, extended along the Ionian coast, from the Macchia stream to the mouth of the " Alcantara. This palatial area, fueled by the rising waters from the north-eastern slope of Mount Etna, is a habitat used by several faunistic entities that are stationed or used as a migratory corridor. Due to its environmental importance, the site, already identified as SIC / ZPS ITA070003, was incorporated in 2005 in the Natura 2000 network of the Sicilian Region. The aim of this network is to ensure the conservation of European habitats, fauna and flora in order to implement Community Directives 92/43 / EEC "Habitat" and 79/409 / EEC "Birds".
*Distances As The Crow Flies